The day that comes only once a year after much preparations is known as 'Samvatsari'. This is the day that arrives after the religious period of 'Samvotsar'. In fact this festival is also called 'Paryushan'. This period of 'samvotsar' comes 50 days after and 70 days before the close of the chaturmas period. Sometimes the 'samvotsar' may vary between 49 days after and 71 days before the close of the 'chaturmas' or the four month period.
The words 'paryusarg' is an essence of the three words of "Pariupsaarg', 'vasdhatu' and 'Anapratyey'. 'Parisamantat samagrataya ushana vasana niwas' literally translated means to get totally absorbed. To move away from the theory on to practice. In the historical guides this period culminates into only one major auspicious day but the significance of the seven days with elaborate preparations like stringrent adherence to religious doctrines and abstainence preceding the 'Paryushan' cannot be overlooked. In order to outbeat the strong, one needs to summon up enough strength in the same way to overcome the invisible negative forces, one needs to involve himself totally in the religious practices to draw the energy to withstand these forces. Symbolically this festival can not only be called the festival of the 'Jains' but of the entire human race.
Samatsavari is the Last day of this festivale & main Day. This day All Jains keep fasting. On Next day they take breakfast which called as Parna .
Jain strongly believes in forgiving. On the Samatsvari last partikarman all person plead this message within them, & to all other person who are connected with them in past life in any manner. Jaines plead there forgiveness message to all person whom they know and does 'nt matter which sector or cast they belog. The forgiving plead is not limited into present life but also include there all previous lifes.
To be able to keep a check on one's power of destruction is forgiveness. The one who does not know to forgive is considered as lowly. The person who judges others and refuses to grant pardon is himself unpardonable. Strength lies with the one whose heart is full of benevolence. A person who can overlook the shortcomings, lapses and wrong-doings is a source of joy and peace. Great is the man who does not hesitate to ask for pardon for his own mistakes. The harbinger of peace is one who makes an attempt to alleviate the sufferings that have occurred due to his disregard.
All living beings grant me forgiveness.
My friendship is with all living beings,
My enmity is totally nonexistent.
KHAAMEMI SAVVE JEEVA
SAVVE JEEVA KHAMANTU ME
METTI ME SAVVE BHUYESU
VAIRAM MAJHAM NA KENAI
MEANING:I forgive (from the bottom of my heart without any reservation) all living beings (who may have caused me any pain and suffering either in this life or previous lives), and I beg (again from the bottom of my heart without any reservation) for the forgiveness from all living beings (no matter how small or big to whom I may have caused pain and suffering in this life or previous lives, knowingly or unknowingly,mentally, verbally or physically, or if I have asked or encouraged someone else to carry out such activities). (Let all creatures know that) I have a friendship with everybody and I have no revenge (animosity or enmity) toward anybody .
Most Jains fast in some form of the other in these days. It is not and uncommon sight to see 8 day fasters, who do not consume anything in these eight days. Even water must be boiled and can be drunk only between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. (approx.) Every now and then one does come across a faster who has not eaten for a whole month too!!! Penance and fasting are the key words in these days. Many jains abstain from onions,garlic,potatoes, root vegetables and green vegetables.